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Gyeonggi Museum of Art Special-Themed Exhibition 《Reading Glasses for Textbooks》
Period/ 2019.05.29(Wed) ~ 2019.08.31(Sat)
Venue/ The permanent exhibition room at the Gyeonggi Museum of Art
Celebrating Day with Culture, Gyeonggi Museum of Art is launching a special-themed exhibition focusing with historic relics that frequently appear in the history textbooks in order to approach a step closer to the audience in a friendly way.

<Portrait of Song Si-yeol>, which is included in the exhibition, is a portrait of Yoo Bok-bon, wearing Shenyi and a black headgear. The colors used in the face and expressions show the style used in the late Joseon era. In particular, the late Joseon style is observed more apparently from the fact that the garment was depicted in a three-dimensional fashion by applying light water ink underneath the drawing lines in comparison to the simple expression of the face.
For portraits of individuals, Song Si-yeol has the greatest number of portraits still in existence. This is because his portraits were enshrined in seowons and youngdangs across the country as he was canonized into Munmyo after the 18th century. He was a great scholar respected as a sage in the east after Zhu Xi. In particular, King Jeongjo (ruled from 1776 from 1800) had high regard for him, calling him ‘Songja’ and promoting him as a teacher of the nation. King Jeongjo also consolidated his literary works and materials to publish ‘Songjadaejeon’. The late Joseon era was the period when the Korean literature and culture blossomed as the country was recovering from the shadows of the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592 and the Qing invasion of 1636. Song Si-yeol (1607~1689) is a thinker and calligrapher who represent the era. He was also a prominent politician who had the whole era in his hand.
He studied under the guidance of Sage Kim Jang-saeng (1548~1631), and received teaching from his son, Kim Jip (1574~1656). Song Si-yeol achieved the highest academic achievement in the era, and became the greatest scholar of the time. As a scholar of the Kiho school, which inherited the academic traditions of Yulgok Yi I (1537~1584), and a follower of the teachings of Chu-tzu, he practiced the teachings of Chu-tzu all his life as the basic principles. Song Si-yeol was a people’s leader who applied and practiced the ideals of Neo-confuciansim to the realities of Joseon. He was a great scholar who was called ‘Songja’ by younger students with the ultimate form of respect.
When there was a mass appointment of officials after the Injo Coup, he was recommended by Choi Myeong-gil as a teacher of Bongrimdaegun. As Bongrimdaegun later became King Hyojong of Joseon, he received cordial treatment, and debuted in the political world and accomplished his political philosophy. In particular, as he pushed the theory of Kinyeonseol at the first round of Yeosong, he rose firmly as the political leader of the Seo-ins. Afterwards, he served as Juachamchan, Wooeuijung and Juaeuijung. In addition, Song Si-yeol was called ‘Yangsong’ along with his cousin, Song Jun-gil (1606~1672). The two remained academic and political partners for life.
He also created the ‘Yangsongche’ font by mixing Ahn Jin-gyoung’s chirography to the font of Seokbong, a master calligrapher in the late Joseon era, and adding vigorous weight and elegance. Not only the Seo-ins who follow him used the Yangsongche font, but it was also used widely as it was promoted as a textbook of Seobeob by younger students.

The portrait of Song Si-yeol will be exhibited at the entrance of the permanent exhibition room at the Gyeonggi Museum of Art until August 31, 2019 (Sunday).
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